application-oriented and basic-oriented research – in response to the High-Tech Strategy of the Federal Government. Secondly, the IEF develops a further Five-Step Procedure to respond to the concurrent need of flexibility and customization of specific projects. Typically, a project is implemented in the same area for a period of 3-5 years in order to achieve impact and sustainable development. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) combines a conceptual framework with a set of operational principles to provide guidance on policy formulation and development practice. Project Title: Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Livelihoods the productive resources by al Narrative The poverty alleviation programme acknowledges economic growth not only as a means to address poverty, but as a mechanism to achieve the national MDG targets through implementation of the PRSAP and Aid effectiveness management. Sustainable Livelihoods and Climate Change Adaptation. We conclude this unit by drawing your attention to the sustainable livelihoods (SL) approach to development. v The research findings were analysed using several analytical procedures, including the conventional descriptive statistics, principal components analysis, and linear regression analysis. Findings of the study revealed that most of the participants and the non-participants communities experienced food shortages in the last season 2007/8 for at most three months. This approach was used in both conceptualizing the study and the selection of variables. Scoones, Ian (1998) ‘Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis’. 6, pp. The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in vogue since the late 1990s and formed a central concept of the UK‟s Department for International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Some focus on specific types of application of SL approaches (e.g. the Open University In particular, it requires that there is the organisational space for lessons learned in the field to be … The programme has been going on for more than seven years, however little has been documented on its impact. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. It is recommended that development agencies consider livestock production as an agricultural strategy with immense potential for enhancing sustaining rural livelihood. In the 1970s, many development practitioners were concerned about the famines that were taking place in Africa and Asia, and a concerted effort was made to put more resources into increasing food supplies globally. It seeks to understand the various dimensions of a person's livelihood; the strategies and objectives pursued, and associated opportunities and constraints. Nine factors were selected from the principal component analysis of the many factors that were taken to affect participation. This course aims to provide participants with a critical understanding of the key concepts, principles and tools of the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach in development planning and climate change adaptation contexts. DFID’s Sustainable Livelihoods Approach and its Framework The concept of ‘Sustainable Livelihoods’ constitute the basis of different ‘Sustainable Livelihood Approaches’ (SLA) and has been adapted by different development agencies such as the British Department for International Development (DFID). 2.0 Project Background . Type: face to face The study revealed that the highest agricultural income is from livestock sales. The researcher also made use of project annual reports on change of livelihoods, baseline survey reports, project log frame, internal reports, work plans, budgets and mid-term evaluation reports as sources of secondary data. The main objective of the study was to investigate the impact of the Massive Food Production Programme on the livelihoods in Nkonkobe Municipality. This is because the Massive Food Production was aimed at maize crop production. Discover our research outputs and cite our work. Agroecology and Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Conceptual Framework to Guide Development Projects in the Pacific Islands. After the wide-ranging evaluation of views, arguments and research findings, a model to measure impact of the programme was designed. However, its impact on ensuring food security is still debatable. Request. To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal The sustainable livelihoods idea was first introduced by the Brundtland Commission on Environment and Development, and the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development expanded the concept, advocating for the achievement of sustainable livelihoods as a … We are now looking for an early career Head of Project development to coordinate the development and management of our conservation and sustainable livelihoods programmes on the ground in Madagascar. At the light of this interconnection, a proper impact evaluation metric able to assess the main effects of energy projects at local level becomes necessary in order to highlight successful strategies. Within the current global challenges, energy plays a key role for the achievement of basic human needs, socio-economic development, environmental protection and global security. The design of the two projects ran parallel to the development of the Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) approach and framework. IDS Working Paper 72. This approach is influenced by many of the themes that we have already looked at in this unit, including those of integrated rural development, basic needs, participation and sustainable development. livelihoods also allows for a better understanding of their vulnerability to external shocks and stresses. and Jisc. It helps formulate development ‘Sustainability’ and ‘Livelihood’ are terms that are now commonly used in the development discourse. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. Update/Correction/Removal The projects aim to contribute to the Government of India’s efforts to eliminate poverty through support to its watershed development programme. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 2015 UN Climate Change Conference. The DFID has developed a ‘Sustainable Livelihood https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2017.10.048. adopting a livelihoods approach is not a simple transition involving a few changes to project monitoring systems. Each project aims to ultimately enable the beneficiaries to become change makers in their communities. The DFID Sustainable Livelihood Approach was selected because unlike the CARE or UNDP Sustainable Livelihood models, it was designed for such purposes. The study revealed that to some extent the Massive Food Production Programme has managed to improve the asset base of the farmers. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. 6 . This paper explores how these emerging concepts fed into the design process of the two projects. Investments in research and development are also investments in new technologies from Germany . The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities and shows how they relate to one another. Request. First, the IEF establishes a Capitals-Based Evaluation Hierarchy, taking its rationale from the literature: this first step responds to the needs of providing a standard and harmonized structure applicable to different projects. The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a range of livelihood resources (natural, economic, human and social capitals) which are combined in the pursuit of different livelihood strategies (agricultural intensification or extensification, livelihood diversification and migration). In the paper, the IEF is presented in the light of this second application and the procedure applied to a real project in Ethiopia. The IEF is conceived for applications to energy development projects, intended as projects in developing countries, either in urban or rural contexts. The study fed into the wider process of developing a country strategy paper (CSP). The use of the different types of analysis was driven by the research questions under investigation and the theories on which they are based, and by the available data. The SLA has been widely used in coastal and fisheries development research and has informed the design of development programmes but experience of operationalising it remains largely undocumented. The full series so far is: 127: Sustainable Livelihoods and Project Design in India, Cathryn Turton. The Government of the Eastern Cape Province introduced the Massive Food Production programme, which is a cornerstone within the agrarian reform initiative of the Provincial Growth and Development Plan (PGDP). A central notion is that different households have different access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. Three other dummy variables to proximate location, participation and group turnover were added to the regression model that was developed to measure impact. The Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods Program (DRSLP), FEED MY COW, will develop regional systems to alleviate the negative impacts caused by the deteriorating environmental conditions in the Horn of Africa. project design, impact assessment) and some on their application to specific sectors (e.g. Out of this concern, the CGIAR centres were born, and significant increases in food supplies were created through … Among other livelihood activities, the study made an in-depth investigation on the impact of the Massive Food Production Programme on maize crop production. It requires a real shift in emphasis, training and management style, particularly with regard to ensuring that the 'voices' of lower level staff are able to influence operational policies and strategies. The conceptual methodology of the IEF might be used at different stages of project design: as a supportive methodology donors use in their programme of funds allocation or as an instrument experts use to quantitatively support their ex-post project evaluation. This study did not only investigate its impact on the participants but also assessed its impact on the recipient communities. More fundamentally, sustainable livelihoods approaches embody a technocratic development drive, which is at odds with the principles, ethos and values that … 39, No. 691-723. CORE is a not-for-profit service delivered by Organization: Kimmage Development Studies Centre. The asset base improvement was used as the proxy of impact. THE EVOLUTION OF SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD APPROACHES. The Project Development Objective (PDO) is to strengthen the capacity of local stakeholders, including state authorities, displaced persons and vulnerable host communities, to plan and implement improved livelihoods and natural resource 4.2 The sustainable livelihoods approach. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. An impact evaluation framework based on sustainable livelihoods for energy development projects: an application to Ethiopia. The project falls within the 2012-2016 United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) strategic outline: (i) the creation of opportunities for the economic development of the rural world; (ii) improving an equitable access for both men and women to basic social rights and services and social protection in a . Stirling, Andy (2007) A General Framework for Analysing Diversity in Science, Technology and Society, Journal of the Royal Society Interface 15(4): 707–19. Previous studies investigated on the indicators of success that can be used to measure the impact of this programme. 128: The Impacts of Tourism on Rural Livelihoods: Namibia’s Experience, Caroline Ashley. Data collection was accomplished through observation, interviewing, and focus group discussions. There is a knowledge gap and practical demand to understand the relationship between capitals for developing sustainable livelihoods to realize poverty reduction and sustainable development, in particular for the smallholder farmers. The set of information obtained with the IEF is compared to the final expert evaluation, commissioned by the donor and performed at the end of the project, showing the usefulness of IEF as a supportive methodology in the evaluation process. Location of Repository Application of the sustainable livelihoods framework to the analysis of the Provincial Growth and Development Plan of the Eastern Cape : a case study of the Massive Food Production Programme in Nkonkobe Municipality and Buffalo City Municipality By Tafadzwa P Dirwayi The livelihoods framework is a way of looking at the complexity of people's livelihoods, especially the livelihoods of the poor, whether they be rural or urban. The IEF aims to measure project impact as changes of target community’s livelihoods: first, it establishes a capitals-based evaluation hierarchy, taking its rationale from the literature; secondly, it develops a further five-step procedure. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems: Vol. and in new future-proof workplaces. The varying locations showed the potential of livestock production. 2.2 The livelihoods framework. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. 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